Autism
Basic Information

Autism

Autism and Related Pervasive Developmental Disorders

A Neurological Illness Characterized by Social, Communication and Behavioral Deficits

Autism is a neurological disorder (a "brain" disease) characterized by the presence of severe communication, language and social deficits in affected persons. It is the most well known of several pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) diagnoses which begin in early childhood and continue throughout life, affecting most every aspect of life along the way. While autistic peoples' cognitive (thinking and language) and social skills are typically developmentally delayed compared to their peers, their motor (movement) skills develop in a more normal fashion.

Specific social interaction, communication and behavioral deficits must be present before the diagnosis of autism is appropriate. Though all people with Austim people show the same specific pattern of impairments, the severity of these impairments vary from case to case, with some people demonstrating relatively mild impairments and others demonstrating severe impairments.

From a very early age, children with autism demonstrate a fundamental difficulty in properly orienting towards other people and in processing social and non-verbal forms of communication, such as eye contact and facial expression. For instance, a typical infant is generally responsive to adult caregiver facial expressions...

 
Latest News
Social Skills Program for Young Adults With Autism Shows Promise
USPSTF Finds Evidence Lacking for Autism Screening in Children
Autism Spectrum Disorder Care Costs Could Top $500B by 2025
Autism Care Costs Could Hit $500 Billion by 2025: Study
Hormone Linked to Social Difficulties With Autism, Early Study Finds
Dad's Involvement With Autistic Child Helps Mom, Too
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C-Section, Autism Spectrum Disorder Link Questioned
Superior Visual Ability Found Early in Children With Autism
Parents' Age May Be Factor in Child's Autism Risk
Special Diets, Supplements May Be Counterproductive in ASD
Special Diets, Supplements Not Always Helpful for Kids With Autism
Autism Linked to Higher Smog Levels, Study Says
Animals May Ease Social Anxiety in Children With Autism
Learning Daily Skills Prepares Kids With Autism for Adult Life
Adults With Autism Fare Poorly in Job Interviews, Study Finds
Common Sports, Hobbies Often Popular Among People With Autism
Autism May Differ in Brains of Boys and Girls
Milder Autism Typically Diagnosed Later in Girls
Training Programs for Parents Tied to Better Behavior in Kids With Autism
Many Young Adults With Autism Face Unemployment, Isolation
Another Study Finds No Vaccine-Autism Link
Father's Sperm May Hold Clues to Autism Risk
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Autism Tied to Higher Risk for Gut Troubles in Children
Scientists Spot Gene Tied to Severe Autism in Girls
IVF Kids May Have Higher Odds of Autism, Study Finds
Autism-Linked Genes May Be Tied to Slightly Higher IQ
'Play' May Be More Stressful for Kids With Autism: Study
Program for 1-Year-Olds Tries to Lessen Autism's Impact
Some Kids With Autism Show Improvement by Age 6: Study
Autism Genes Vary, Even in Affected Siblings, Study Finds
Study Hints That 'Video Feedback' Therapy May Help Curb Autism
Those With Autism May Have Unique Brain Connections, Study Shows
Autism Signs May Be Missed in Short Checkups
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Different Gene Mutations May Determine Severity, Type of Autism
Smog Exposure During Pregnancy Linked to Autism Risk
Brain Inflammation a Hallmark of Autism, Study Shows
Holidays Can Be Sensory Overload for Kids With Autism
Minority Kids May Be Missed in Autism Diagnoses: Study
Better Detection, Diagnosis Major Factors Behind Rise in Autism Cases: Study
Discovery of 100-Plus Genes Tied to Autism May Improve Treatments
More Clues to Spotting Autism in Siblings of Those With Disorder
Could Air Pollutants Raise a Child's Autism Risk?
Broccoli Compound Shows Promise for Autism Symptoms in Small Study
Kids With Autism Tend to Be Less Active, Study Says
Spacing Between Sibling Births Tied to Autism Risk in Study
 
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