Autism
Basic Information

Autism

Autism and Related Pervasive Developmental Disorders

A Neurological Illness Characterized by Social, Communication and Behavioral Deficits

Autism is a neurological disorder (a "brain" disease) characterized by the presence of severe communication, language and social deficits in affected persons. It is the most well known of several pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) diagnoses which begin in early childhood and continue throughout life, affecting most every aspect of life along the way. While autistic peoples' cognitive (thinking and language) and social skills are typically developmentally delayed compared to their peers, their motor (movement) skills develop in a more normal fashion.

Specific social interaction, communication and behavioral deficits must be present before the diagnosis of autism is appropriate. Though all people with Austim people show the same specific pattern of impairments, the severity of these impairments vary from case to case, with some people demonstrating relatively mild impairments and others demonstrating severe impairments.

From a very early age, children with autism demonstrate a fundamental difficulty in properly orienting towards other people and in processing social and non-verbal forms of communication, such as eye contact and facial expression. For instance, a typical infant is generally responsive to adult caregiver facial expressions...

 
Latest News
Minority Kids May Be Missed in Autism Diagnoses: Study
Better Detection, Diagnosis Major Factors Behind Rise in Autism Cases: Study
Discovery of 100-Plus Genes Tied to Autism May Improve Treatments
More Clues to Spotting Autism in Siblings of Those With Disorder
Could Air Pollutants Raise a Child's Autism Risk?
Broccoli Compound Shows Promise for Autism Symptoms in Small Study
Kids With Autism Tend to Be Less Active, Study Says
Spacing Between Sibling Births Tied to Autism Risk in Study
Boys With Autism Show Certain Grammar Skills in Study
Brainwaves May Help Gauge Autism Severity: Study
Could Low Iron Intake During Pregnancy Raise Autism Risk?
Estrogen Receptor May Play a Role in Autism
Spotting, Treating Autism Symptoms in Infancy May Prevent Delays
Kids With Autism Have Extra Brain Connections, Study Says
Different Areas of Brain Affected in Autism, Sensory Disorders
Less Flexibility Seen in Brain Wiring of Kids With Autism: Study
'Love Hormone' Oxytocin May Help Some With Autism
Parents of Children With Autism Need Help, Too
Common Genes Implicated in Autism Study
Researchers Say They've Found New Clues to Autism
iPads May Help Boost Speaking Skills in Kids With Autism: Study
Adults With Asperger Syndrome May Have Higher Suicide Risk
Mother's Birthplace May Affect Autism Risk in Kids
Study Links Pesticide Exposure During Pregnancy to Autism Risk in Kids
Autism's Costs Can Run Into Millions for One Person
Genetic 'Networks' May Play Role in Autism
Hormone Levels in Womb Tied to Autism Risk in Boys: Study
Scientists See Environmental Changes to Genes in Kids With Autism
Study Probes Why Kids With Autism Are Oversensitive to Touch, Noise
Early Repetitive Behaviors May Signal Autism Risk
Adults With Autism at Risk for Many Health Problems: Study
Health Tip: Dealing With an Autism Spectrum Disorder
Skills Like Walking, Talking Don't Come Easily for Minority Kids With Autism
Genes, Environment May Play Equal Parts in Autism Risk: Study
Older Mothers at Higher Risk of Child With Autism, Study Suggests
FDA Warns Against Bogus Autism Treatments
No Connection Between Induced Labor, Autism: Obgyns
Autism Tied to Increased Connectivity in Brain Networks
Key Brain 'Networks' May Differ in Autism, Study Suggests
Family Dog Can Help Kids With Autism
Study Ties Antidepressant Use in Pregnancy to Autism Risk in Boys
Could Dads' Obesity Raise Autism Risk for Kids?
U.S. Autism Estimates Rise by 30 Percent for Kids
More Signs Autism May Originate During Pregnancy
More Evidence Environmental Exposures Contribute to Autism
Autism, ADHD Tied to Gender Concerns in Some Kids: Study
Younger Siblings of Kids With Autism May Show Early Signs of Problems
Gene Study Offers Clues to Why Autism Strikes More Males
Autism Costs Average $17,000 Yearly for Each Child, Study Finds
Infants' Response to Talking Faces May Be Clue to Autism
 
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